In this thesis, we introduce two large-step-down dc-dc converter architectures that are designed to provide zero-voltage switching of the power devices. While the techniques used in these converters can be used in a wide range of applications, the operating voltage and power levels used in this thesis are for data centers, where dc distribution power delivery is expected to see its first deployment. The nominal 380 V bus voltage will need to be converted to 12 V using a high-efficiency dc-dc converter that can deliver several hundred watts of power to each rack to power the servers. The converters are expected to operate efficiently across a wide input voltage range of 260 V to 410 V and down to powers in the tens of watts range.
The first converter architecture is based on the concept of an Impedance Control Network (ICN) resonant converter. Using phase-shift control along with a specifically designed impedance network, this converter can maintain resistive loading of the inverters as the input voltage varies. To back down in power, the converter can be efficiently operated using burst (on/off) mode control. At very low powers, a control technique using Variable Frequency Multiplier (VFX) inverters can be used to further increase efficiency.
The second converter architecture combines the properties of an active bridge converter with multiple stacked inverters, a multi-winding single core transformer, and a reconfigurable rectifier. The stacked inverter topology improves the range of powers over which zero-voltage switching can be achieved. The multi-winding transformer and reconfigurable rectifier further extend the efficient operating range to very low powers by reducing core loss and increasing zero-voltage switching capability.
Both proposed architectures are suitable for large-step-down, wide-input voltage, wide-output power applications such as dc-dc converters for dc distribution.
Prof. David Perreault (supervisor)
Prof. Khurram Afridi (co-supervisor)
Prof. Jeffrey Lang