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Traffic congestion wastes billions of gallons of fuel every year in the United States alone: a 2005 study from the Texas Transportation Institute estimated that more than five times as much gas is wasted in traffic congestion today compared to twenty years ago in urban areas in the US.
We are developing a distributed mobile sensor network and telematics system called CarTel that serves as a platform for a range of transportation and civil infrastructure applications, including those that can allow users to avoid congested roads. CarTel uses a network of sensor-equipped cars (e.g., taxi fleets, private cars, etc.) that collect information about road conditions. This information is delivered using opportunistic wireless connections (vehicular WiFi) to servers that process and analyze this information. CarTel is currently deployed on a 27-node limo fleet in the Boston/Cambridge area.
An important CarTel application is MyRoute, developed in collaboration with PhD student Sejoon Lim and EECS professors Daniela Rus and David Gifford (both members of the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab, CSAIL, at MIT). MyRoute uses historical traffic delay statistics obtained from the CarTel cars and real-time information to provide users with good routes that take congestion, delay, and desired deadlines into account. For example, using a class of practical stochastic shortest paths algorithms and models of observed delays on different road segments, MyRoute can tell a user what route to take and when to leave in order to reach a desitination by a given deadline at any time of the day. Our group of PhD students and post-doctoral researchers (Bret Hull, Jakob Eriksson, lewis Girod, and Ryan Newton) is also using CarTel to develop a road surface monitoring application called P2 (the Pothole Patrol) using vibration sensors on cars. For more information: http://cartel.csail.mit.edu.
We are engaged in a long-term research program to develop safe, autonomous (i.e., self-driving) passenger cars. The widespread availability of such cars would bring a number of societal benefits. First, safety: with sensors that exceed human abilities, and computers that beat human reaction times, cars can become much safer, avoiding most accidents -- eliminating some of the millions of automotive and pedestrian fatalities that occur annually worldwide.
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